Category 17th century

A fire on a Thursday evening in 1666

It was late in the evening of Thursday 2nd September 1666 that a disaster began in the streets of London.  It was a small mistake, but with great consequences, when Thomas Farrinor, a baker to King Charles II, thought his fire was out so did not turn off his oven.  However, it appears that some […]

The last battle on English soil

It was on Friday 6th July 1685 that the Battle of Sedgemoor was fought at Westonzoyland near Bridgewater in Somerset. It was the last battle to take place on English soil. On one side of the conflict was James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth – on the other were troops loyal to King James II […]

Samuel Pepys’ last written words

It was on Friday 31st May 1669 that Samuel Pepys wrote the final entry in his Diary. His nine-and-a-half-year diary keeping was, he said, at an end because his eyes were deteriorating.   His closing words were:- ‘And so I betake to that course, which is almost as much as to see myself go into my […]

Celebrating the return of King Charles II

In 1660, England’s Parliament declared that May 29th each year would a public holiday, “to be for ever kept as a day of thanksgiving for our redemption from tyranny and the King’s return to his Government, he entering London that day.” The ‘returning King’ was Charles II and the public holiday would be called ‘Oak […]